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Hathawariya for Common Gynaecological Disorders

A racemosusis commonly known as Hathawariya (Sinhala) and Sangavari (Tamil). It is a woody climber growing to about 1-2 meters in height.The leaves are like pine needles, small and uniform. The flowers are white in colour with small spikes. The plant flowers during February–March leaving a mild fragrance in its surrounding and by the end of April, fruits can be seen with attractive red berries. This plant belongs to the sub family Asparagae in the family Liliaceae. The plants habitat is intropical climates throughout Asia, Australia and Africa. Hathawariya is commonly seen throughout Sri Lanka, India and the Himalayas. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soil. Black, well drained and fertile soil is good for cultivation. It can also be cultivated in loose and medium black soil.Crop responses well to tropical and hot climates. The plant is adapted to semi arid regions of the tropics and can withstand drought conditions quite well. They require minimum irrigation so avoid over-watering.


  1. racemosusis a popular herb used in indigenous medicine in Sri Lanka. It is known as "queen of herbs." In India, various languages have its own name for this plant. One of them is "shatawari" meaning cure for hundred diseases. Another name translated means "she who possesses a hundred husbands" implying its ability to increase fertility and vitality. The root is the part that is widely used in Ayurveda medicine.


The plant has multiple uses and the demand for A. racemosusisconstantlyon the rise. It is endangered in its natural habitat because of destructive harvesting combined with habitat destruction and deforestation. Therefore, the need for conservation of this plant is crucial.


The plant is well known for its effects on the female reproductive system. It is used to increase milk secretion in a lactating woman. Being a rejuvenating herb, it balances the hormonal system of women. Furthermore, it regulates menstruation. The plant decreases morning sickness, infertility, menopause, leucorrhoea, inflammation of sexual organs and general sexual debility. It also tones and nourishes female reproductive organs and greatly regulates ovulation. It treats PMS symptoms just by relieving pain and controlling blood loss. The plant also relieves the menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes. By producing estrogens it makes up for low estrogen levels in women who are in menopausal or have had hysterectomies or oophorectomies. The male reproductive system will also benefit from Hathawariya. The plant may be used in cases of sexual debility and impotence.


The plant is used for neuro-degenerative disorders and to ease alcohol withdrawal. Besides being used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery,the plant also has potent antioxidant, immune-stimulant properties. The root possesses anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antispasmodic properties. The regular use of the plant root treats impotence, leucorrhea, hyperacidity, and certain infectious diseases such as herpes and syphilis. It is also useful in treatment of epilepsy, kidney disorders, chronic fevers, excessive heat, stomach ulcers and liver cancer.


The root infusion acts as strong rejuvenating for the body and improves mental functions. The root infusion is traditionally used in treating nervousness, anorexia, insomnia, hyperactive children, and slow growing of humans.Asparagus racemosus aids in digestion, since the plant has anti-ulcer effects. Asparagus racemosus also has antidepressant and anxiety-reducing effects. It endorses positive emotions that are calming and the suppress emotions such as irritability, anger, jealousy, resentment and hatred. It also helps with pain, restless sleep, disturbing dreams, and those who have weak emotional and physical heart.


In Ayurveda medicine, asparagus racemosusis used for upset stomach, constipation, stomach spasms and stomach ulcers. It is also used for fluid retention, cancer, diarrhoea, bronchitis, tuberculosis, dementia and diabetes. Asparagus racemosus is recommended in Ayurvedic texts for prevention and treatment of bladder infections, throat infections, cough, gonorrhoea, leprosy, epilepsy, fatigue, hyperacidity, colic, haemorrhoids, cardiac debility, hypertension, abortion, agalactia and general debility.


In Sri Lanka, Hathawariya is commonly used to make herbal porridge that is eaten in many Sri Lankan homes. For added convenience, the Hathwariya porridge is now available in easy to prepare instant packets. Countries such as India are producing a root powder that is available in their local market. In additional, herbal supplements in tablet and syrup forms have been made out of this valuable herb. These products are exported overseas for foreign revenue.Local small and medium scale enterprises are now using the plant to produce herbal teas that are exported. However, it is important that people preserve this valuable herb for future use. Small and medium scale Enterprises using Hathawariya to manufacture value added products should make every effort to increase the propagation of the herb and ensure that the plant is protected in its natural habitat.


The information in this article is intended for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, treatment or care.


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